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Are you longing for a holiday on a beach covered with sand? Do you love culture and history? Do you want a pleasant vacation where you can explore wonderful bays and islands, but would prefer not crossing the ocean to find all these? The answer should be obvious: Greece! The place where the harmony of passive and active vacation awaits.
Location of Greece
Greece – or officially the Hellenic Republic – is located in southeast Europe in the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula. It is bordered by Albany, Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of continental Greece and the Ionian Sea to the west. There are several islands in the region. It has a total area of 131,990 km2 including 1300 islands, of which only 170 are inhabited. The population is approximately 10,815,197.
History of Greece
Greece, located in the southern part of the Balkan peninsula, has been a significant area since the Bronze Age. The country’s culture may have influenced all of Europe, so it comes as no surprise that many refer to it as the European cradle of culture. Greek people call themselves Hellenes. The term comes from Roman conquerors. The flourishing Hellenic empire was conquered by the Romans in 146 BCE. Colonization began in the 8th century. Classical Greek people united as different independent nations and created the first poleis. Every polis had their own law, dialect, currency and government. Following the split of the Roman Empire, Greece belonged to the Byzantine Empire until the 15th century, and as a consequence of the Turkish conquest, they fell under the domination of the Ottoman Empire. Ultimately, they gained independence in the 19th century, as a result of the 9-year-long Greek War of Independence.
The London Protocol recognized the Greek Kingdom as a sovereign state on 8th February 1830. The country was a republic between 1924 and 1935, and from 1936 on, a military regime was established that was followed by the German invasion in 1941. Monarchy was restored in the liberated country in 1944, and a civil war raged between 1946 and 1949. The right-wing forces took over with a coup, and Constantine II fled the country. Following the referendum in 1973, the King was deprived of the throne and a republic was proclaimed. In 1981 the country was admitted into the European Union, primarily in order to facilitate political stability.
Beaches in Greece
Many think that the most beautiful beaches in Europe can be found in Greece. It is best to visit these beaches from the end of May until the beginning of October when the climate is pleasant and the sea is warm, ideal for swimming. You will definitely find your favourite beach on the shores of Greece, regardless of whether you have a large family or you are a travel enthusiast. If you would like some of the best beach parties or look for a hidden and peaceful beach, you will surely find your spot on the Greek shores.
One of the finest beaches in Greece is Elafonissi, located on the Southern shores of Crete. There are not many facilities nearby with the exception of a few small hotels, so most people come to visit from Chania or from another part of the island by boat.
Mylopotas Beach, Ios:
Wonderful sand and fantastic recreational opportunities for anyone who like sunbathing and swimming. If you visit the place, you can spend the whole day on this wonderful beach, and you an also walk around the glorious town called Chora.
Shipwreck Beach, Zakynthos:
The spectacular bay can be accessed by boat as part of a day trip. Rent a small boat or a yacht and explore the amazing caves! This is a very popular beach which is visited by many people, but the scenery will not make you disappointed.
Main sights in Greece
It would be almost impossible to list all the sights offered by Greece in a few sentences. Rebellious towns like Athens and small villages – Greece provides visitors with several different experiences and stunning sights. The capital of Greece is Athens; a place famous for the Acropolis. Once in Greece, this is probably the first sight that you should visit. You can admire the complex made of shining marble and the famous statue of Athena. Those who are interested in ancient architecture can see the Doric columns and temples while walking around the area, enjoying the sight of the amazing Parthenon as well. The Greek islands not only offer the finest beaches to tourists but also take them back in time, to the history of Crete, Naxos, Paros, Ios, Milos, Mykonos and Rhodes.
Weather in Greece
The climate of the Greek shores in the Mediterranean – the air is exceptionally clear and dry. It is characterized by a lot of sunshine, while the amount of precipitation is low.
Flotilla sailing holidays Greece
The sailing sector is significant in the country due to the location and the archipelago it has. There are numerous ports in Greece used for both passenger and goods transport. Beside several other ports, the most popular ones from both aspects are Aegina, Antirrio, Korfu, Heraklion, Mykonos and Zakynthos. Most of these ports are well-equipped and offer the best services; they are also often located near the downtown areas. Greece is the land of ancient mythology. If you love archaeology, history, art and philosophy, you definitely have to visit the country. It has dozens of idyllic islands covered with fine white sand, surrounded by the blue sea. These beautiful coastal towns have ancient ruins and museums as well. Explore them all on a yacht!
The climate of Greece is primarily the Mediterranean, featuring mild winters and hot summers.
Summers are usually hot and dry and the winters can be quiet cold and wet. The northern part of Greece can be very cold during the winter and snow is not uncommon. The mountainous areas of Northwestern and central parts in Greece have an alpine climate. For the south of Greece and the islands, the winters will be milder.
The spring is pleasant and sunny in most of Greece, with less and less frequent rainy days. In the coasts and the islands, it almost never rains in the summer. Summers are hot, and in July and August temperatures usually reach 30 to 35°C, but sometimes even 40°C and more. While in the islands and along the coasts the heat is tempered by sea breezes, in the continent, especially in inland areas and in large cities, the heat is intense.
The area of Greece is constantly windy. These winds, however, are always changing. So when we are travelling in continental Greece it is most likely that we won’t meet any stable winds. Each location has its own conditions. It is advised to plan a sailing route from the south to the north and autumn, the north-south in summer. Sirocco blows in Greece as south or southwestern wind. It mainly blows from November till May and sometimes brings with it sand from Africa. “Lefkotonoi” winds bring fine weather in spring. There is a strong northern wind called the “Meltemi” which usually sweeps through the east coast of Greece during July and August, and this offers a welcome relief to the heat.