Despite its small size Montenegro is a country with many interesting sights. If you come here, most sights are simply explorable.
Location of Montenegro
On a European scale Montenegro is a relatively rarely inhabited area in the Dinaric Alps. Steep hillsides divided by bays follow its shore along the Adriatic coast. The largest is the Bay of Kotor. The Montenegrin coast is located in the southeastern part of the Adriatic Sea, between Croatia and Albania. The coastline is 260.2 kilometres, the mainland is 249.1 kilometres and the islands’ coastline is 11.1 kilometres long. The seabed deepens rapidly. You can find the deepest point of the Adriatic Sea near the Montenegrin coast (1280 metres).
History of Montenegro
The first artefacts are from the Paleolithic Era. Illyrian tribes lived here from 500 BCE to 200 BCE. After that, the area was under Roman rule, and several cities were founded in those times. Until the 6th century there was the Byzantine rule then came the Slavs. Between the end of the 12th century and the 15th century, most of the present territory of Montenegro was part of Serbia (Rakša). Montenegro has recognized as an independent state in 1878 at the Berlin Congress and with the support of major powers it had the chance to expand its territory. In 1916 the king lost his power when the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy occupied the country. In 1929 the Serb-Croat-Slovene Kingdom reorganized as Yugoslavia.
After the collapse of Yugoslavia in 1992 the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was founded, Montenegro and Serbia were parts of it. In 2003 the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro was born based on the alliance of the two states. The city is an important commercial hub. The port can be divided into several parts: a port for scheduled vessels, private vessels, commercial vessels and a naval port. The port is a country border and a customs border as well.
Beaches in Montenegro
Despite its isolatedness and small size Montenegro will offer very diverse beach options for all tourists.
Mogren is one of Montenegro’s beaches with golden sand that is divided into two by an enormous and beautiful mountain. Those who swim here can also discover a cave that connects the two beaches and those who have enough courage can also climb the mountain that divides the beaches.
The 600 metres long sandy town beach of Petrovac is both visited by tourists and locals due to its turquoise-coloured water and rustical old town. In the summer months, it becomes a really busy and lively tourist hub with pleasant cafés, restaurants and beaches covered by golden sand
Here you can feel the real Mediterranean atmosphere, as the beach is on the plage. This small beach can be a little crowded in the main season, but it gives you a real Mediterranean experience. The beach is even busier at night when all tourists and locals gather here. The illuminated old town and the bay give a special view at night.
3 kilometres from Budva in the direction of Tivat you find one of the longest and busiest beaches of Montenegro that is Jazz Beach in Budva. The approx. 1, 200 meters long Jazz Beach is covered by small pebbles and the beach is full of cafés and restaurants.
Main sights in Montenegro
A Lovćen National Park
Lovćen National Park, which is located in the middle of Lovćen mountains has been deemed a national park area since 1952. A speciality of Lovćen is that wherever you may stand, you’ll have an amazing and unforgettable view in front of you. You can also get familiar with original Croatian national architecture in the region because about ten churches have been built to decorate the landscape of Lovcen with their special church spires.
Biogradska Gora National Park – Rain Forest and Glacier lake
The greatest natural treasure of the park is Biogradska gora rain forest. It is one of the last three rain forests in Europe that have survived, which lies in a huge area. Biogradsko lake can be found 1, 094 metres high in the heart of the rain forest. It is the largest and most popular glacier lake in the National Park.
Lake Scutari is a sight to be visited by all means due to its wonderful view. Due to its geographical location and Sub-Mediterranean climate the National Park is one of the most important living venues of swamp birds in Europe.
Durmitor National Park
Durmitor National Park has also been a nature protection area since 1952 and it has been on the UNESCO’s Natural and Cultural Heritage list since 1980. The greatest sight of the park is a wide plateau 1500 meters above sea level. The mountain eyes that consist of 18 glaciers at amazing heights (about 1, 500 metres above sea level. are the most famous sights here.
The tiny island of Sveti Stefan is very close to the city of Budva. It has become one of the most popular tourist destinations in Montenegro. The public beach of the island is at the end of the pier, from where you get a fantastic view of the special red-roofed buildings and the crooked streets. It is an amazing experience to walk between the beaches with white sand and the first-class luxury hotels.
One of Montenegro’s icons is Kotor bay that is under the protection of UNESCO and Kotor castle. The castle was built-in the era of the Venetian Republic in 1453 and it has preserved its original style until now. Concerning this area, you must know that Kotor bay is the largest natural bay in the southern part of the Adriatic Sea and also the southernmost European fjord.
Gospa od Skrpjela
If you make discoveries near Kotor, you shouldn’t miss the church Gospa od Skrpjela, which means “the Lady of Cliffs”. This tiny island is only a short sailing trip from the old town of Kotor.
Montenegro’s most southern town and also oldest town at the Adriatic Sea is Ulcinj, which is at the southern border of Montenegro. Ulcinj is only 12 kilometres from the border of Albania. The old town that is still inhabited by locals is worth visiting.
Three types of climate and weather
The Mediterranean zone is a narrow strip on the Adriatic coastline from Herceg-Novi to the Bojana River. In summer the average temperature is between 25.4 °C and 27.6°C. The summers are long and dry and the winters are short and mild. The hours of sunshine are around 2500. Ulcinj has to most extreme data with 2700 hours of sunshine per year. The temperature of the sea is 26-27°C. In July there are 11 sunny hours per day. The temperature of the sea is pleasant from May until the middle of August.
In the central part of Montenegro the temperature in July is 26.4°C, in Podgorica it is 25.4°C (Danilovgrad). The absolute maximum temperature is 40°C. Hot air flows to Podgorica from the valley of the Bojana River, the Lake Skadar, and the Morača River which makes it the hottest city in the former Yugoslavia. The average temperature in January is around 5 °C and the minimum temperature is -10°C. Sudden weather changes are also expected. The middle areas are characterised by extreme temperatures.
A mountain range starts at the Piva River. The average height of the mountains is 1700 metres, and the peaks reach up to 2000 metres. The mountains have a subalpine climate with cold and snowy winters and mild summers. The weather can change suddenly. In winter the temperature can drop to -20°C or -30°C. While it rarely snows in the Skadar region, in Durmitor even 5 metres of snow can fall. Due to low evaporation snow can remain until May and in some places the whole year.
Montenegro sailing charter
The largest ports in Montenegro:
Port of Budva
This protected port is also known as Dukley Marina Budva. It has 300 berths and can accommodate boats up to 40 metres in length. The maximum depth is 4 metres, If you get hungry, there is a bar and a restaurant at the site of the port. Information about sailing in Budva, or rent a boat in Budva.
Port of Bar
It is the largest and most important port in Montenegro, in the southern part of the country. The place is also known as Luka Bar. The port consists of several sections: the port for scheduled vessels, the port for private vessels, commercial vessels and a military port. There are more than 600 berths for vessels up to 35 metres. The depth of the seabed is 8 metres. There is a restaurant on site, and WiFi and maintenance are available. Furthermore, a sailing school also operates in the port. Information about sailing in Bar, or rent a boat in Bar.
The port of Herceg Novi
The port of D-Maring Portonovi has 238 berths for ships as long as 120 metres. The depth of the water is 20 metres. They offer great services, such as a refueling station, cosy cafés, cocktail bars and restaurants. Information about sailing in Herceg Novi, or yacht charter in Herceg Novi
Port of Tivat
Porto Montenegro has helped Tivat become a prosperous town since it is visited by the richest people in the world. It has 450 berths, and it can accommodate the largest luxury yachts. The complex includes residences, restaurants, boutiques, the five-star Regent Porto Montenegro Hotel and many other facilities. Information about sailing in Tivat, or rent a boat in Tivat.
Port of Kotor
The port of Kotor is also known as Luka Kotor or Cattaro. It can accommodate a maximum of 30 boats, up to 30 metres in length. The maximum depth of the seabed is 8.5 metres. The protected port offers many high-quality services. It has drinking water, electricity, a laundry, a bar and a restaurant. You can refuel and do maintenance. Moreover, you can even get medical help if needed. Information about sailing in Kotor, or yacht rental in Kotor. Find sailing routes in Montenegro or choose another Mediterranean sailing charter
The terrain of Montenegro ranges from high mountains through a segment of the western Balkan Peninsula, to a narrow coastal plain that is only one to four miles wide. Montenegro’s lower areas have a Mediterranean climate. The country has dry summers and mild, rainy winters. On the coast, the climate is mild but rainy in autumn and winter. The summer is hot and sunny, tempered by the breeze.
Climate is exceptionally mild and Mediterranean in the south. The average air temperature in summer of 27 °C and lots of sunny days a year. Autumn and spring are usually sunny and mild. Occasional short cold spells in winter can bring about by the north and north-easterly winds from central Europe. Central and northern regions have Continental climates, where temperature varies greatly with elevation. Precipitation in Montenegro is plentiful, especially in the coastal strip and in hilly regions overlooking the sea. The rainy season is long and runs from September to April.
Rent a sailboat in Montenegro, and cruise around Montenegro
Day 1. Budva – Bigova 20.59 (12.80 mi), Day 2. Bigova – Tivat (Porto Montenegro) 29.40 km (18.27 mi), Day 3. Tivat (Porto Montenegro) – Herceg Novi (Harbor) 13.76 km (8.55 mi), Day 4. Herceg Novi (Harbor) – Cavtat (Harbour) 44.80 km (27.84 mi), Day 5. Cavtat (Harbour) – Dubrovnik (Orsan) 19.93 km (13.39 mi), Day 6. Dubrovnik (Orsan) – Sudurad 15.26 km (9.48 mi), Day 7. Sudurad – St Nicholas Island – Budva 95.03 km (59.05 mi).Read more about Budva sailing
Day 1. Kotor – Tivat (Porto Montenegro) 15, 29 km (9, 50 mi), Day 2. Tivat (Porto Montenegro) – Herceg Novi (Harbor) 13, 76 km (8, 55 mi), Day 3. Herceg Novi (Harbor) – Cavtat (Harbor) 44, 80 km (27, 84 mi), Day 4. Cavtat (Harbor) – Dubrovnik (ACI Marina) 23, 13 km (14, 38 mi), Day 5. Dubrovnik (ACI Marina) – Sudurad 18, 48 km (11, 48 mi), Day 6. Sudurad – Mamula-island – Molunat 65, 81 km (40, 89 mi), Day 7. Molunat – Perast – Kotor 29, 49 km (18, 33 mi).
Read more about Kotor sailing
Day 1. Tivat (Porto Montenegro) – Herceg Novi (Harbor) 13, 76 km (8, 55 mi), Day 2. Herceg Novi (Harbor) – Cavtat (Harbor) 44, 80 km (27, 84 mi), Day 3. Cavtat (Harbor) – Dubrovnik (Orsan) 19, 93 km (13, 39 mi), Day 4. Dubrovnik (Orsan) – Sudurad 15, 26 km (9, 48 mi), Day 5. Sudurad – Mljet Island (Sobra) 28, 29 km (17, 58 mi), Day 6. Mljet Island (Sobra) – Zlatna Luka 91, 44 km (56, 82 mi), Day 7. Zlatna Luka – Rose – Tivat 19, 05 km (11, 84 mi).Read more about Tivat sailing
Day 1. Herceg Novi (Harbor) – Tivat (Porto Montenegro) 13, 76 km (8, 55 mi), Day 2. Tivat (Porto Montenegro) – Zlatna Luka 19, 57 km (12, 16 mi), Day 3. Zlatna Luka – Cavtat (Harbor) 40, 67 km (25, 27 mi), Day 4. Cavtat (Harbor) – Dubrovnik (ACI Marina) 23, 13 km (14, 38 mi), Day 5. Dubrovnik (ACI Marina) – Sudurad 18, 48 km (11, 48 mi), Day 6. Sudurad – Mljet Island (Sobra) 28, 29 km (17, 58 mi), Day 7. Mljet Island (Sobra) – Mamula Island – Herceg Novi 97, 10 km (60, 33 mi).Read more about Herceg Novi sailing
Day 1. Bar – Čanj 5, 71 km (3, 55 mi), Day 2. Čanj – Budva 25, 02 km (15, 55 mi), Day 3. Budva – Molunat 41, 52 km (25, 80 mi), Day 4. Molunat -Cavtat 29, 50 km (18, 33 mi), Day 5. Cavtat – Dubrovnik 19, 58 km (12, 16 mi), Day 6. Dubrovnik – Herceg Novi 60, 14 km (37, 37 mi), Day 7. Herceg Novi – Petrovac – Bar 62, 37 km (38, 75 mi)Read more about Bar sailing, Montenegro sailing holidays, or choose from Montenegro sailing routes
Sailing from Dubrovnik to Montenegro itinerary
Day 1. Dubrovnik (ACI Marina Dubrovnik) – Cavtat 23, 04 km (14, 32 mi), Day 2. Cavtat – Zelenika 44, 42 km (27, 60 mi), Day 3. Zelenika – Kotor 25, 00 km (15, 53 mi), Day 4. Kotor – Tivat (Porto Montenegro Marina) 14, 68 km (9, 12 mi), Day 5. Tivat – Herceg Novi 13, 59 km (8, 44 mi), Day 6. Herceg Novi – Lustica Bay – Budva 41, 53 km (25, 80 mi), Day 7. Budva – Bar 29, 87 km (18, 56 mi).Day 1. Dubrovnik (ACI Marina Dubrovnik) – Cavtat 23, 04 km (14, 32 mi), Day 2. Cavtat – Zelenika 44, 42 km (27, 60 mi), Day 3. Zelenika – Kotor 25, 00 km (15, 53 mi), Day 4. Kotor – Tivat (Porto Montenegro Marina) 14, 68 km (9, 12 mi), Day 5. Tivat – Herceg Novi 13, 59 km (8, 44 mi), Day 6. Herceg Novi – Budva 35, 80 km (22, 24 mi), Day 7. Budva – Lustica Bay – Dubrovnik 91, 80 km (57, 04 mi).Choose another Montenegro sailing tour.