Location of Spain
Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is an independent nation in Southern Europe and West Africa. It is located on the Iberian Peninsula along with Portugal and Gibraltar. Bordered by the Bay of Vizcaya from the north, the Atlantic Ocean from the west and the Adriatic Sea from the south and the east. It shares borders with Portugal, France, Andorra, Gibraltar and Morocco on the land.
Besides the land, the Balearic Islands on the Adriatic Sea and the Canary Islands on the Atlantic Ocean also belong to the kingdom, and so do Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa, as well as several islands on the Adriatic Sea near the Strait of Gibraltar. The capital of Spain is Madrid.
History of Spain
After the conquest, the Iberian Peninsula became part of the Roman Empire, by the name of Hispania. In the early Middle Ages, Spain was under the dominion of the Germans, and later it was conquered by the Muslims. The northern Christian kingdoms repelled the dominion of the latter. In 1492, a world empire was established, making Spain the most powerful nation in Europe. In the 16th century and at the beginning of the 17th century, it was a dominant power in the world. The continuous wars and other issues, however, were not in their favour. France invaded Spain at the beginning of the 19th century, and in the 20th century, there was a civil war. In 1986, Spain joined the European Union, which resulted in significant economic growth.
Weather in Spain
The large country has a very diverse climate. There are large fluctuations inland, and there is a great number of sunny hours in the eastern and southern parts with a low level of precipitation. Summers are hot everywhere, with the exception of the Atlantic shores. The average temperature is 25 °C, and the maximum temperature can get as high as 35 °C. Out of all the waters at the shores of the country, the Atlantic Ocean’s is the coldest. The average temperature is around 20 °C.
The Spanish islands have different climates. The Canary Islands have a pleasant subtropical climate, while there is a greater fluctuation on the Balearic Islands. It often rains in the summer, and the amount of precipitation is higher during the winter. Between the autumn and spring periods, stronger winds arrive, for instance, the Mistral, the Vendaval or the Sirocco. We recommend water enthusiasts visit Spain in the summer, and the autumn period is perfect for visiting the historic and natural sights.
Main sights in Spain
If you love nature, you can visit beautiful national parks such as the Teide, the Picos de Europa or the Timanfaya. Of all European countries, the most IBAs (Important Bird Areas) can be found in Spain. We also recommend that you visit the Marimutra botanical garden where you can admire 6, 000 different flowers and plants. This wonderful place can be found in the southern part of Costa Brava in Blanes.
Barcelona is the second-largest city in Spain and an important port of the Adriatic Sea. The main sight here is the La Sagrada Familia – the Expiatory Church of the Holy Family, which is a World Heritage Site. Further famous sights include the Santa Maria del Mar cathedral and the Picasso Museum. The town centre has a green area called Parc de la Ciutadella; its fountain was inspired by the Trevi Fountain in Rome.
Gastronomy of Spain
The paella is among the greatest delicacies; it is made with good quality rice coloured yellow by saffron. They put many types of meat and vegetables in it. Popular soups include cool gazpacho and warm cocido. Tapas is also popular, and we differentiate several types. They prepare it with olive, sausage, vegetables or cheese. The famous Jamon Serano ham is a delicacy that you must definitely taste. Churros is a popular dessert, and so is the Madeleine called Magdalena. As for drinks, they have sherry, Malaga wine and Sangria.
Beaches in Spain
Spain has a long and picturesque shore segment with both busier and more peaceful parts. Many of them have a Blue Flag certificate. We recommend the following beaches in particular.
El Salon Beach (Costa del Sol)
It is a sandy beach with clean and shallow water, making it ideal for families with small children. It is 200 metres long and 20 metres wide on average. Are you looking for a breathtaking view? Explore the so-called Balcony of Europe. It is something you definitely must experience: you can see the sea from an ancient castle.
Playa d’en Bossa Beach (Ibiza)
The longest sandy beach in Ibiza can be found here with several watersports opportunities such as jet-ski. Would you like to visit the aqua park? Go to Aguamar. Playa d’en Bossa offers several clubs, for example, Space, if you want to go to a party. The club called Bora Bora will not disappoint you either.
Punta del Papagayo (Canary Islands)
This popular beach is located in the southern part of the Canary Islands, in Lanzarote. The transparent, emerald green water is not only ideal for families with small children, but it is also suitable for beginner divers and those who want to explore the sea bottom.
San Agustín beach (Canary Islands)
It is located in the southern part of Gran Canaria. If you do not like crowds, this is the perfect spot for you. The shore segment is visited less frequently, making it ideal for spending a pleasant day here. It is more than 600 kilometres long and has fine dark sand. You can rent sunshades and lounges, and there are great restaurants and parts on the boardwalk.
Luxury sailing charter in Spain
There are plenty of well-equipped ports in Spain. Some include but not limited to:
Ports in Costa Blanca
Port of Valencia
Yachts are not allowed in the large commercial port of the city; they have two opportunities. One of them is Real Club Nautico in the south, and the other is towards Marina Real Juan Carlos I. in the north. In the past few years, both yacht ports have been extended significantly, providing more space for yachts. Info about boat rental in Valencia.
Real Club Nautico de Calpe
Calpe is located 122 kilometres from the exciting port city, Valencia. There are moorings for 264 yachts. The maximum size allowed is 30 metres in length; the depth of water here is 5 metres. They provide several services, for example, water, electricity security and fuel supply. Carrying out maintenance and repair is also possible here. boat rental in Costa Blanca
Ports in Costa Brava
Club Nautic Estartit
The port is located in the L’Estartit resort. They have 643 moorings for yachts as long as 32 metres. The depth of the water is 2.3 metres. It is a protected port with several great services offered, and there is also a bar and a restaurant here.
Barcelona is one of the most important port cities on the Adriatic Sea. Port Vell offers 148 moorings for yachts not longer than 190 metres. They have drinking water, electricity and cable TV.
The port in Costa Dorada
Thanks to the reforms introduced in the past few years, Club Nautic Cambrils is divided into two parts. There are 426 moorings here for yachts with a length of 8–25 metres. In the 8 designated areas, they offer a wide variety of maintenance and repair services. There is a bar, a restaurant, Wi-Fi and a staff available 24/7.
The port in Costa Cálida
The Puerto Deportivo Tomas Maestre port is located in the northern part of La Manga. It is accessible from the Adriatic Sea on a navigable canal. They have moorings for around 1800 yachts, with sizes between 7 and 30 metres. Info about sailing in Costa Brava, or boat rental in Costa Brava
Ports on the Balearic Islands
Puerto de Palma (Mallorca)
You can find one of the largest ports of the Adriatic Sea here. This commercial port including 9 yacht marinas can accept thousands of yachts. It is protected by a one-mile-long breakwater from the southeast, while it is bordered by a commercial mole from the northeast, which is more than half a mile long. Inside this area, the allowed speed for any vessel is 5 knots, while inside the yacht marinas it is 3 knots.
Marina de Formentera (Ibiza)
The smallest member of the Balearic Island, Formentera, can only be accessed from Ibiza by boat. There are 64 moorings, and the maximum allowed length of boats is 38 metres. They provide water, electricity and technical services. Info about boat rental in Ibiza
Ports on the Canary Islands
Marina del Sur (Tenerife)
This port is located in the tiny fishing town of Las Galletas, in the southern part of Tenerife. They have 126 moorings for yachts as long as 20 metres. They offer running water, electricity and security services available 24/7. The maximum depth is 2 metres at low tide and 7 metres at high tide. They also have a crane on spot, which is really helpful for maintenance work. There is also a recreational centre as well as several cafés, restaurants and shops nearby. Info about yacht charter in Tenerife
Las Palmas (Gran Canaria)
The port La Luz, or often called Las Palmas Port, can be found halfway between Europe and the other two continents, Africa and America. Due to its suitable location, it has become one of the most important ports in the world in terms of international trade and maritime traffic. You can choose from several restaurants and bars here, and they provide drinking water, electricity, Wi-Fi and self-service laundry. Info about boat rental in Gran Canaria
If you sail around Spain, you can explore the other wonderful areas, leaving from Malaga. Torremolinos, Benalmadena, Fuengirola, Mijas Costa and Marbella are also great destinations with several exciting things to do. Find sailing routes in Spain or choose another luxury sailing charter
More information about Spain
The geographical location, as well as the orographic conditions of Spain, made its climate particularly diverse. Spain is the most climatically diverse country in Europe. Spain is characterized by the overlap of one fundamental climatic division (between humid and semiarid and arid zones) by another (the threefold division of the peninsula into maritime, continental, and mountain climates).
Some regions can be very cold during the winter and extremely hot in the summer. The vast central plateau, or Meseta, has a more continental influenced climate. On the Mediterranean coast, the climate is moderate with rain in spring and autumn. The Balearic Islands have a maritime climate, with cool, wet winters and warm, dry summers.
On the central and southern coast of the Mediterranean, the sun shines quite often even in winter. On the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and in the small Atlantic coastline of the Gulf of Cádiz winter is mild. Temperatures range between 20°C and 30°C. Wet periods are between September and October. The months of January until February provide the coldest time of the year. In comparison with the northern coast, the rains are rarer and sunshine is more frequent. This is due to the fact that the Mediterranean coasts of Spain, exposed as they are to the east and south, are relatively sheltered from Atlantic weather fronts. Along the Mediterranean coast and in the Balearic Islands, summer is hot and sunny, as is typical of the Mediterranean climate, the air is humid but sea breezes temper the heat during the day.
Summer is cool and quite rainy on the Atlantic coast, where even in July and August the sky is often covered with clouds, and the sea is not warm, barely touching 21 °C in August.
The Coastal Mediterranean region is marked by Leveche winds: hot, dry, easterly or southeasterly air currents that originate over North Africa. The climate and landscape are determined by the Atlantic Ocean winds whose moisture gets trapped by the mountains circumventing the Spanish Atlantic coast.
Rent a luxury sailboat in Spain, and cruise around Spain
Balearics sailing itineraries
Menorca sailing itineraries
Day 1. Ciutadella – Cala Galdana 20.88 km (12.97 mi), Day 2. Cala Galdana – Cala Ratjada 40.54 km (25.19 mi) Day 3. Cala Ratjada – Colonia de Sant Pere 26.48 km (16.45 mi) Day 4. Colonia de Sant Pere – Alcúdia 19.48 km (12.10 mi), Day 5. Alcúdia – Port de Pollença 22.87 km (14.21 mi), Day 6. Port de Pollença – Cala Sant Vicenç 29.79 km (18.51 mi), Day 7. Cala Sant Vicenç – Cala en Bosch – Ciutadella 77.75 km (48.31 mi)
Read more Ciutadella sailing itineraries
Day 1. Maó-Mahón – Cala en Porter 27.95 km (17.36 mi), Day 2. Cala en Porter – Son Bou 6.74 km (4.19 mi) Day 3. Son Bou – Cala Galdana 11.74 km (7.30 mi) Day 4. Cala Galdana – Port de Pollença 75.63 km (46.99 mi), Day 5. Port de Pollença – Alcúdia 22.87 km (14.21 mi), Day 6. Alcúdia – Colonia de Sant Pere 19.48 km (12.10 mi), Day 7. Colonia de Sant Pere – Cala Ratjada – Maó-Mahón 107.17 km (66.59 mi)
Read more about Menorca sailing, or choose from Menorca sailing routes
Mallorca sailing itineraries
Day 1. Palma de Mallorca – El Toro 23.23 km (14.43 mi), Day 2. El Toro – Port de Sóller 8.24 km (36.19 mi), Day 3. Port de Sóller – Port de Pollença 65.76 km (40.86 mi), Day 4. Port de Pollença – Alcúdia 22.87 km (14.21 mi), Day 5. Alcúdia – Colonia de Sant Pere 19.48 km (12.10 mi), Day 6. Colonia de Sant Pere – Porto Cristo 48.06 km (29.87 mi), Day 7. Porto Cristo – Ca’n Pastilla – Palma 94.05 km (58.44 mi)
Gran Canaria sailing itineraries
Day 1. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria – El Pagador 28.04 km (17.42 mi), Day 2. El Pagador – Santa Cruz de Tenerife 74.85 km (46.51 mi) , Day 3. Santa Cruz de Tenerife – Candelaria 19.11 km (11.88 mi), Day 4. Candelaria – Amarilla Golf 51.65 km (32.09 mi), Day 5. Amarilla Golf – Arguineguín 96.47 km (59.94 mi), Day 6. Arguineguín – Taliarte 52.94 km (32.90 mi), Day 7. Taliarte – Mercalaspalmas – Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 18.94 km (11.77 mi)
Costa Brava sailing itineraries
Day 1. Barcelona – Castelldefels 30.40 km (18.89 mi), Day 2. Castelldefels – Sitges 9.85 km (6.12 mi), Day 3. Sitges – Vilanova i la Geltrú 9.54 km (5.93 mi), Day 4. Vilanova i la Geltrú – Tarragona 48.23 km (29.97 mi), Day 5. Tarragona – Cambrils 17.13 km (10.65 mi), Day 6. Cambrils – Coma-ruga 44.00 km (27.34 mi), Day 7. Coma-ruga – Garraf – Barcelona 63.72 km (39.59 mi)
Read more Barcelona sailing itineraries
Day 1. Roses – Cadaqués 17.37 km (10.79 mi), Day 2. Cadaqués – El Port de la Selva 20.76 km (12.90 mi), Day 3. El Port de la Selva – Portbou 11.39 km (7.08 mi) , Day 4. Portbou – Salses-le-Château (Port Leucate) 54.58 km (33.91 mi) Day 5. Port Leucate – Narbone 36.40 km (22.62 mi), Day 6. Narbone – Lagoon La Berre (Port la Nouvelle) 15, 83km (9, 83mile), Day 7. Port la Nouvelle – Roses 102.51 km (63.69 mi).
Read more about Costa Brava sailing, or choose from Costa Brava sailing routes or Spain sailing routes